Avocado? All You Require to Know
Avocado is the fruit of the evergreen tree Perseus americana (Persea americana) of the laurel family members (Lavraceae) from tropical America. And avocados these are known as alligator pear, alligator of the particular pear.
Avocados contain at least 11 vitamins and fourteen minerals and avocado calories half is actually high. It consists of plenty of vitamin Electronic – the most crucial antioxidant. The oily pulp of an avocado does not contain heavy fats (all its fats are usually monounsaturated, like in olive oil) and cholesterol. The pulp of a fresh fruit consists associated with 30% vegetable fat, which nourish and repair tissue tissue. Avocado will help to forget regarding dry skin in addition to return shine to be able to dull hair. This is useful to take in 1 avocado two times a week, in the winter – three periods a week (if right now there are no difficulties with excess weight).
Types and types
There are 3 types of avocado: Mexican, Guatemalan, and Western Indian.
The Mexican avocado has thin-skinned fruits, and typically the leaves from the shrub, when rubbed, smell like anise. That is a cold-hardy culture that will well at the subtropics. Half avocado calories has large fruit with thick pores and skin; these trees usually are more capricious and less cold-resistant. Probably the most delicate variety regarding avocado is the West Indian, grown mainly within the tropical forests.
All modern avocado varieties date back to these three types. With regard to example, the Mexicola and Puebla kinds cultivated by Russian gardeners are Philippine, and the Notorio variety is a new hybrid of Mexican and Guatemalan avocados.
In general, there are about 400 varieties of avocados in the world, they vary in shape (round, pear-shaped or oblong), size (from small , and the size of a plum, to large, weighing up to a kilogram) and taste regarding the fruit. The particular color of typically the peel can furthermore be different, from light green to be able to black and darkish purple. In the majority of cases, avocados either remain green because they ripen, or vary from green to darkish, sometimes even black when ripe.
The particular most common types that are frequently found on the shelves regarding our stores are:
? gwen (Gwen), together with medium or big fruits of the rounded or slightly oblong shape, green difficult skin and yellow-green flesh, that has a light egg flavor;
? zutano (Zutano), an pointed pear-shaped avocado together with a smooth, easily peeled green skin, the taste of white or yellow flesh is a bit like an apple;
? reed (Reed), with round or perhaps oblong fruits, thick pimply dark green skin and lightweight yellow-colored flesh, taste : with a tip of pear and nut;
? fuerte (Fuerte), a pear-shaped fruits with a clean shiny green skin and a delicate sweetish creamy taste;
? Pinkerton (Pinkerton), fruit elongated pear-shaped with the green flaky skin, darkening as growth, and yellowish pulp with gentle fairly sweet taste;
? Hass (Hass), is the most common, the simply commercially available all year round, oval fruit with a thick, in the mature form regarding a black-skinned plus white or yellowish oily pulp plus nutty flavor;
? bread (Bacon), with oblong juicy fruits, protected with a smooth thin dark environmentally friendly skin, the preference is weak;
? mexicola (Mexicola), cold-resistant, somewhat drought-resistant variety, which often gives the maximum yield in the Caucasus. Fruits considering up to one hundred g, dark violet, almost black any time ripe, ripen at the end of August-September;
? puebla (Puebla), also a cold-resistant plant, ripens in the Gagra area in November-December, offers semi-ovate fruits along with dark brown pores and skin, weighing up to 200 g;
? Ettinger (Ettinger) has the shape of a pear with a good easy-to-release large bone tissue and soft pulp that melts in the mouth. In Israel, from exactly where avocados of this variety are released to Russia, ettinger is the first variety of the growing season: that ripens with the starting of autumn (haas, fuerte, pinkerton in addition to reed in His home country of israel ripen later).